What Is a SMART Failure?
SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) is a self-diagnostic utility that is built into a hard drive (HDD) and solid-state drive (SSD) to continuously monitors drive condition such as performance and error rates and reports the results to system. It can be caused by excessive bad sectors, shock, overheating, not defragmenting if your disk is almost full, wrong shutdown, etc.
When SMART status indicates there is an error, actually your hard drive is not yet dead but it is in the process of failing. Namely, a complete failure may come in a day, a week, a month, even a year. No matter how long it takes, the most important thing should be to immediately back up your computer data when hard drive SMART failure occurs by following Windows advice.
Back up Computer in Case of SMART Failure
When receiving SMART hard disk error, take it easy. And you still have some time to keep your disk data safe. Next, we will walk you through detailed backup operations by using MiniTool backup programs.
Data Backup Software – MiniTool ShadowMaker
MiniTool ShadowMaker, a complete yet free backup software, can help you to back up your system, partition, and disk by its Backup feature. During the backup process, the selected partition data will be compressed to an image, saving much disk space. But here, we don’t suggest using this feature since recovery is a little troublesome when your hard disk failure happens.
Fortunately, another backup method – disk cloning can be done with this free backup software. Its Clone Disk feature can transfer all contents from one disk to another. Once your disk fails, the target disk can be used to directly replace it without reinstalling OS. What are you waiting for? Download its Free Edition by clicking the button below and install it on your computer running Windows 10/8/7.
Step 1: Select Backup Module
Enter MiniTool ShadowMaker Free Edition. Then, in the following interface, hit Connect button in the Local module to enter next interface.
Note that the Free Edition of this backup software doesn’t allow you to make a remote backup. But, the Beta Edition supports it.
Step 2: Navigate to Tools tab.
Then, this program will go to the Home page. Here, you can’t find the feature to do disk cloning. Just navigate to Tools located in the toolbar and then click Clone Disk feature to begin your backup.
Step 3: Choose clone source disk and target disk.
In the following interface, you see two sections are shown. Please click the corresponding section to choose source disk and destination disk.
Step 4: Perform disk cloning operation.
Here comes the copy progress. In the following interface, some information about the disk cloning is listed including source disk, destination disk, elapsed time, remaining time and cloning progress bar.
MiniTool Partition Wizard is another hard drive cloning software that enables you to transfer all the contents from a source disk to a target disk. It puts forward two cloning features:
Migrate OS to SSD/HD: It is suitable for the system disk only. And it offers you two migration methods, for instance, only migrate the system-related partitions to another disk or copy the entire system disk to another hard drive.
Copy Disk: This is used to deal with a system disk, as well as a data disk. All the data of your source disk will be moved to a target disk.
How to Repair SMART Hard Drive Failure
After finishing disk backup, some of you still want to fix SMART failure predicted on hard disk error. Here are two possible solutions.
① Check and Fix Bad Sectors
Bad sectors are the main factor of SMART failure error on your hard drive. So, to check and fix the found bad sectors should be done.
1. Enter Windows Explorer.
2. Then, right-click the drive you want to check and choose Properties.
3. Under Tools tab, click Check now (Win 7) or Check (Win 10) button.
For Win 10, directly click Scan drive to perform the drive checking.
Note that you can also choose to use command line “chkdsk /r” to repair bad sectors.
② Perform Disk Defragment
Sometime SMART hard disk error can be fixed by disk defragment. How to do this job?
- In Windows 7, click Start button and type “Disk Defragmenter” to run this utility. Then, choose the target drive and click Defragment disk option.
- In Windows 10, input “defragment” in the Search box, then click Defragment and Optimize Drivestool. Select the target drive and click Optimize button to perform a disk defragment operation.
What if these ways are not working to fix or disable SMART failure predicted on hard disk 0/1/2/4 error? The only way is to replace the failing hard drive with another hard drive containing the disk copy made by MiniTool programs – MiniTool ShadowMaker and MiniTool Partition Wizard. If SMART failure error happens on your system disk, you can directly boot your PC from the target disk without reinstalling OS.