Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market is gaining from the growing awareness among consumers about the adverse environmental impacts of fossil fuels, coupled with the increasing demand for energy from renewable sources.

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Global Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market
Global Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Overview

The global dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) market is gaining from the growing awareness among consumers about the adverse environmental impacts of fossil fuels, coupled with the increasing demand for energy from renewable sources. Dye sensitized solar cells, along with photovoltaic cells, represent the third generation of solar technologies, which are expected to offer added functionality at lower cost.

Download the Exclusive report Sample Here :www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag…

Dye sensitized solar cells are thin film solar cells that are available at a low cost. A DSSC has numerous attractive features: It is semi-transparent and semi-flexible and offers various uses but none applicable to glass-based systems. DSSCs are made using conventional roll-printing techniques and the majority of materials used in it are available at a pocket-friendly price.

The introduction of new advances in the next few years will help outperform the emerging solar cell platforms, both in terms of economies of scale and performance. Hence, enterprises operating in the DSSC market will need to focus on niche segments that will allow them to achieve growth in the near future. As with other emerging technologies, cost benefits may not be immediately obvious owing to low volume of production. Nevertheless, it is of interest to technology developers, material providers, as well as adopters to closely follow the DSSC market and understand its impact on the market for sustainable energy.

The report presents a comprehensive overview of the global dye sensitized solar cells market. It studies the growth trajectory exhibited by the market between 2016 and 2023. The factors influencing the demand for DSSCs are studied in detail. The report also presents an in-depth analysis of the prevailing competitive landscape.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Key Opportunities and Threats

The rising demand for solar energy is the key factor boosting the global dye sensitized solar cell market. The market is also gaining from the recent technological advancements that have resulted in the lowered cost of production. Manufacturers of dye-sensitized solar cells are presently concentrating on indoor or portable applications; they are thus expected to explore opportunities in major application segments such as electronics, outdoor advertising, automotive, bus shelters, and steel roofing.

The increasing environmental concerns due to the rising carbon emissions are also expected to fuel demand from the global dye-sensitized solar cells market over the forecast period. Furthermore, the market is also expected to gain impetus from the increasing demand for building integrated photovoltaic system (BIPV).

Despite witnessing favorable growth opportunities worldwide, the growth exhibited by the global DSSCs market will be inhibited by issues pertaining to their performance limitations. There is a marked difference between the best performance reported by DSSCs when compared to technologies that have been under development for a longer period of time. The emerging technologies are seen to exhibit better efficiency levels. It is thus considered important for the enterprises operating in the market to identify suitable initial applications for DSSCs in order to achieve faster commercialization.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Region-wise Outlook

Regionally, the global dye sensitized solar cell market is led by Europe. The European Commission’s aim of reducing the reliance on fossil-based fuel and encouraging clean energy projects is expected to boost the DSSCs market in the region. Additionally, the introduction of the latest technologies and the high rate of implementation in BIPV and portable electronics applications is further expected to steer the demand for dye sensitized solar cells in the near future.

During the forecast period, Asia Pacific is expected to report the highest CAGR among all regional markets.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Competitive Insight

To study the prevailing competitiveness in the market the report profiles companies such as Fujikura Ltd., Konica Minolta Sensing Europe B.V., and 3GSolar Photovoltaics.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:
Market segments and sub-segments
Market trends and dynamics
Supply and demand
Market size
Current trends/opportunities/challenges
Competitive landscape
Technological breakthroughs
Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:
North America (U.S. and Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)
Eastern Europe (Poland, Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia and New Zealand)
Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, North Africa)

About Us

Transparency Market Research (TMR) is a global market intelligence company providing business information reports and services. The company’s exclusive blend of quantitative forecasting and trend analysis provides forward-looking insight for thousands of decision makers. TMR’s experienced team of analysts, researchers, and consultants use proprietary data sources and various tools and techniques to gather and analyze information.

TMR’s data repository is continuously updated and revised by a team of research experts so that it always reflects the latest trends and information. With extensive research and analysis capabilities, Transparency Market Research employs rigorous primary and secondary research techniques to develop distinctive data sets and research material for business reports.

Contact

Transparency Market Research
90 State Street, Suite 700
Albany, NY 12207
Tel: +1-518-618-1030
USA – Canada Toll Free: 866-552-3453
Email: sales@transparencymarketresearch.com
Website: www.transparencymarketresearch.com/
Visit Blog : cmfeglobalreports.blogspot.in/

This release was published on openPR.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market is gaining from the growing awareness among consumers about the adverse environmental impacts of fossil fuels, coupled with the increasing demand for energy from renewable sources.

Submit the press release

Global Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market
Global Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Overview

The global dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) market is gaining from the growing awareness among consumers about the adverse environmental impacts of fossil fuels, coupled with the increasing demand for energy from renewable sources. Dye sensitized solar cells, along with photovoltaic cells, represent the third generation of solar technologies, which are expected to offer added functionality at lower cost.

Download the Exclusive report Sample Here :www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag…

Dye sensitized solar cells are thin film solar cells that are available at a low cost. A DSSC has numerous attractive features: It is semi-transparent and semi-flexible and offers various uses but none applicable to glass-based systems. DSSCs are made using conventional roll-printing techniques and the majority of materials used in it are available at a pocket-friendly price.

The introduction of new advances in the next few years will help outperform the emerging solar cell platforms, both in terms of economies of scale and performance. Hence, enterprises operating in the DSSC market will need to focus on niche segments that will allow them to achieve growth in the near future. As with other emerging technologies, cost benefits may not be immediately obvious owing to low volume of production. Nevertheless, it is of interest to technology developers, material providers, as well as adopters to closely follow the DSSC market and understand its impact on the market for sustainable energy.

The report presents a comprehensive overview of the global dye sensitized solar cells market. It studies the growth trajectory exhibited by the market between 2016 and 2023. The factors influencing the demand for DSSCs are studied in detail. The report also presents an in-depth analysis of the prevailing competitive landscape.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Key Opportunities and Threats

The rising demand for solar energy is the key factor boosting the global dye sensitized solar cell market. The market is also gaining from the recent technological advancements that have resulted in the lowered cost of production. Manufacturers of dye-sensitized solar cells are presently concentrating on indoor or portable applications; they are thus expected to explore opportunities in major application segments such as electronics, outdoor advertising, automotive, bus shelters, and steel roofing.

The increasing environmental concerns due to the rising carbon emissions are also expected to fuel demand from the global dye-sensitized solar cells market over the forecast period. Furthermore, the market is also expected to gain impetus from the increasing demand for building integrated photovoltaic system (BIPV).

Despite witnessing favorable growth opportunities worldwide, the growth exhibited by the global DSSCs market will be inhibited by issues pertaining to their performance limitations. There is a marked difference between the best performance reported by DSSCs when compared to technologies that have been under development for a longer period of time. The emerging technologies are seen to exhibit better efficiency levels. It is thus considered important for the enterprises operating in the market to identify suitable initial applications for DSSCs in order to achieve faster commercialization.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Region-wise Outlook

Regionally, the global dye sensitized solar cell market is led by Europe. The European Commission’s aim of reducing the reliance on fossil-based fuel and encouraging clean energy projects is expected to boost the DSSCs market in the region. Additionally, the introduction of the latest technologies and the high rate of implementation in BIPV and portable electronics applications is further expected to steer the demand for dye sensitized solar cells in the near future.

During the forecast period, Asia Pacific is expected to report the highest CAGR among all regional markets.

Dye Sensitized Solar Cell Market: Competitive Insight

To study the prevailing competitiveness in the market the report profiles companies such as Fujikura Ltd., Konica Minolta Sensing Europe B.V., and 3GSolar Photovoltaics.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:
Market segments and sub-segments
Market trends and dynamics
Supply and demand
Market size
Current trends/opportunities/challenges
Competitive landscape
Technological breakthroughs
Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:
North America (U.S. and Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)
Eastern Europe (Poland, Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia and New Zealand)
Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, North Africa)

About Us

Transparency Market Research (TMR) is a global market intelligence company providing business information reports and services. The company’s exclusive blend of quantitative forecasting and trend analysis provides forward-looking insight for thousands of decision makers. TMR’s experienced team of analysts, researchers, and consultants use proprietary data sources and various tools and techniques to gather and analyze information.

TMR’s data repository is continuously updated and revised by a team of research experts so that it always reflects the latest trends and information. With extensive research and analysis capabilities, Transparency Market Research employs rigorous primary and secondary research techniques to develop distinctive data sets and research material for business reports.

Contact

Transparency Market Research
90 State Street, Suite 700
Albany, NY 12207
Tel: +1-518-618-1030
USA – Canada Toll Free: 866-552-3453
Email: sales@transparencymarketresearch.com
Website: www.transparencymarketresearch.com/
Visit Blog : cmfeglobalreports.blogspot.in/

This release was published on openPR.

Tiny but Mighty Quantum Dots

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Image credit: National Energy Research
Scientific Computing Center, Nicholas Brawand

Quantum dots are tiny particles of semiconductor materials that are only a few nanometers in size.  These tiny but mighty particles have immense potential because of their flexibility and highly tunable properties.  Since they are so small, their optical and electronic properties behave quite differently from those of larger particles.  They obey quantum-mechanics laws.  They can be synthesized on-demand with nearly atomic precision.  They emit extremely pure light that differs in color, depending on their size.  They can be suspended in solutions, embedded into materials, and used to seek out cancer cells and deliver treatments.  They can accept photons and convert them into electricity at substantial rates and they are exceptionally energy efficient.  Quantum dots research holds great promise to improve our lives. 

Nanoscientist (and former Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Paul Alivisatos, along with his collaborators, pioneered the synthesis of semiconductor quantum dots and multi-shaped nanostructures.  This discovery paved the way for a new generation of applications in biomedical diagnostics, display technologies, revolutionary photovoltaic cells, and light emitting diode (LED) materials.  A collection of Alivisatos’ patents are available in the DOepatents database. 

DOE scientists have been working on quantum dot applications in photovoltaic research, as a video in the DOE ScienceCinema database shows.  Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Milano-Bicocca, are seeking to transform roofs and windows into power generators that efficiently harvest sunlight for photovoltaics and provide a desired degree of shading.  It is envisioned that occupants will be able to generate environmentally friendly and unobtrusive solar energy with their own windows. 

High cost and limited availability have been obstacles to the widespread use of zinc sulfide quantum dots in potential applications.  This could change:  Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers have demonstrated a large-scale technique using bacteria fed with inexpensive sugar to produce quantum dots that is estimated to reduce production cost by approximately 90 percent compared with other methods.  The associated ORNL research paper, “Manufacturing demonstration of microbially mediated zinc sulfide nanoparticles in pilot-plant scale reactors,” was recently published in “Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.”  This journal article will become freely available to the public in DOE PAGESBeta on April 27, 2017 after an administrative interval. 

Quantum dot research papers are available in OSTI’s Catalogue of Collections.  OSTI’s Dr. William Watson discusses the Department’s quantum dot research projects in his latest white paper, “In the OSTI Collections: Quantum Dots.”  The October 2016 DOE Science Showcase also spotlights DOE’s quantum dot research endeavors.

Cadmium in Semiconductors and Electronics Market is Expected to Gain Popularity Across the Globe

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Cadmium is an inorganic compound with red-black solid appearance and it is categorised as semiconductor of n-type. The chemical formula of cadmium is CdSe. Cadmium is used in various applications such as manufacturing of industrial paints and batteries. The growing demand of cadmium in semiconductors and electronics is due to its malleability and ductility properties. Cadmium is also used as protective coating on metals in electronic and semiconductors market owing to its corrosion resistant property. Research and development departments are more focused on its nanoparticles for various new applications.

A sample of this report is available upon request @ http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/samples/13171

Increasing demand of cadmium in semiconductors and electronics for various applications such as Cadmium zinc telluride are used in manufacturing of semiconductor radiation detectors, electro-optic modulators, photorefractive gratings, terahertz generation & detection and solar cells. In addition, cadmium oxide is used in manufacturing of thin films in production of transparent conductors, which are again used in applications such as photodiodes, photovoltaic cells, liquid crystal displays, phototransistors, anti-reflection coatings and IR detectors. Furthermore, rising per capita income and growing demand of electronic products are expected to fuel the growth of global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market.

Global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market is hampered by the higher cost of cadmium types and stringent government regulations on production of cadmium. Cadmium may cause certain health issues, excessive cadmium in human body can lead to cancer, kidney failure and lung diseases, which may also result in death. In addition, global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market is also restrained by the hazardous effects of toxic waste on environment that cause soil, water and air pollution. To overcome such restraints, global manufacturing companies are using safety kits and safety rules. The growing demand of cadmium in display technology such as quantum dots (QD) or semiconductor nano crystals act as opportunities for the global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market.

The term cadmium in semiconductors and electronics is coined based on the production and consumption of cadmium in electrical and electronics devices. In terms of production, Asia Pacific is expected to dominate the global market, China is estimated to remain a prominent producer of cadmium in Asia Pacific followed by Korea and Japan. In Latin America, Mexico is expected to hold the maximum share followed by Brazil. Canada is expected to dominate the regional market in North America and in Europe, Russia is expected to lead the regional market followed by Germany.

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Whereas, in terms of consumption of semiconductors and electronics, Asia Pacific is expected to dominate the global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market. China is expected to hold a greater share in the region followed by India. North America is expected to show significant growth in global cadmium in semiconductors and electronics market followed by Western Europe and Japan.

High-impact innovations honored as R&D 100 Award finalists

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Nine technologies offer breakthroughs in energy, computing, cybersecurity, health, materials and particle accelerators

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 24, 2016—Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory innovations were selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 Awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. The finalists, with projects covering energy, computing, health care, and materials, demonstrate the continued success of Laboratory researchers in technical innovation for national security science.

“The Laboratory’s R&D 100 Award finalists represent the breadth of scientific innovations supporting the Lab’s broad national security missions,” said Carol Burns, the Deputy Principal Associate Director of the Science, Technology and Engineering directorate. “This year’s honorees are the result of partnerships with private industry, universities and other national laboratories, and they illustrate many possible paths from scientific creativity to deployment of solutions. It is impressive that some already show promise of impact in commercial markets.”

The Los Alamos finalist projects are:

  • Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative Toolset (CCSI),
  • The Entropy Engine: Revolutionizing Computer Security—A Flood of Randomness for the Entropy Desert,
  • Hybrid Optimization Software Suite (HOSS): A Paradigm Shift in Simulating Material Deformation and Failure,
  • MarFS: A Scalable POSIX File System/Data Lake on Cloud Objects—The First Step in Highly Scalable Namespace,
  • PathScan: Security Analytics Software for Network Attack Detection,
  • Photonic Band Gap Structures: Revolutionizing a New Generation of High-Current, High-Power Accelerators,
  • Pulmonary Lung Model (PulMo): A Miniature, Tissue-Engineered Lung—Revolutionizing the Screening of New Drugs or Toxic Agents
  • Turning Windows and Building Facades into Energy-Producing Solar Panels: Engineered Quantum Dots for Luminescent Solar Concentrators and
  • Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA).

“We are hopeful that the R&D 100 technologies nominated will be commercialized and spur industry development to be new products or services in the global marketplace,” said Dave Pesiri, director of the Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation. “In fact, some of these nominees have already partnered with industry to commercialize their technology—we expect that many others will follow suit.”

This year’s R&D 100 winners will be announced November 3.

About the finalists

Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) Toolset is a suite of computational tools and models that supports and accelerates the development, scale-up and commercialization of carbon dioxide capture technology to reduce domestic and global carbon dioxide emissions. The invention addresses key industrial challenges, including developing a baseline for the uncertainty in simulation results. It is the only suite of computational tools and models specifically tailored to help maximize learning during the scale-up process in order to reduce risk.

National Energy Technology Laboratory submitted the joint entry with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Princeton University, West Virginia University, University of Texas at Austin, Carnegie Mellon University, and Boston University. Joel Kress of Physics and Chemistry of Materials led the Los Alamos team, which included Jim Gattiker, Sham Bhat, and Peter Marcy of Statistical Sciences, Brett Okhuysen of Systems Design and Analysis, David DeCroix of Intelligence and Emerging Threats Program Office, and Susan Sprake of Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation.

Entropy Engine is a random number generator that addresses a key fundamental flaw in modern crypto systems—predictability. The invention strengthens the foundation of computer security by producing an inexhaustible supply of pure random numbers at speeds of 200 million bits per second. Entropy Engine uses the unique properties of quantum mechanics to generate true entropy (random numbers) in a way that makes it immune from all external influences.

Los Alamos submitted Entropy Engine as a joint entry with Whitewood Encryption Systems based on technology that Whitewood licensed from the Lab. Raymond Newell of Applied Modern Physics led the Los Alamos team of Glen Peterson of Applied Modern Physics and David Guenther of Space Electronics and Signal Processing, with collaborators Richard Moulds of Whitewood Encryption Systems, Jane E. Nordholt and Richard Hughes (retired Laboratory employees), Robert Van Rooyen of Summit Scientific Inc. and Alex Rosiewicz of A2E Partners, Inc.

Hybrid Optimization Software Suite (HOSS) provides a simulation platform to conduct “virtual experiments” that help model and analyze materials phenomena that cannot be readily produced or studied in a laboratory or real-world setting. It is the first to combine finite-element and discrete-element methods with an all-regime computational fluid dynamics solver to generate accurate simulations of complex multi-physics problems, such as material deformation, fracture and failure analyses.

Earl E. Knight of Los Alamos’ Geophysics group led the team of Esteban Rougier and Zhou Lei of Geophysics and Antonio Munjiza of TetCognition LTD.

MarFS is a thin software layer that makes the technical advances generated by cloud-based storage available to classical POSIX use cases. The acronym “MarFS” is a combination of the word mar (Spanish for “sea,” alluding to the data lake) and File System. MarFS was written specifically to leverage cloud storage technology for high-performance parallel cold storage. The software maps directories and files in legacy systems, including those used by companies that handle vast amounts of data, to cloud-based object storage. MarFS is so flexible that it can adapt to new storage technologies as they are developed.

Gary Grider of the High Performance Computing-Division Office (HPC-DO) led the team of Kyle E. Lamb, David Bonnie, and Hsing Bung Chen of High Performance Computing-Design, Christopher Hoffman of High Performance Computing-Systems, Christopher DeJager, Jeff Inman, and Alfred Torrez of High Performance Computing Environments and Brett Kettering (HPC-DO.)

PathScan provides security analytics for computer network attack detection. Traditional computer network security tools, which search for malware or network signatures, insufficiently protect from expensive data breaches. Traditional defense mechanisms—perimeter controls and end-point antivirus protection—cannot keep pace with these increasingly innovative and sophisticated adversaries. Rather than detecting something that “looks” like a cyberthreat, PathScan searches for anomalous communications behavior within the network. The invention performs a statistical analysis of abnormal behavior across a network and identifies the lateral, reconnaissance and data staging behaviors of attackers.

Ernst & Young submitted PathScan, a joint entry with the Lab, based on technology licensed from the Lab. Michael Fisk, the Lab’s Chief Information Officer, led the Los Alamos team of Curtis Storlie of Statistical Sciences, Alexander D. Kent of the Intelligence and Emerging Threats Program Office, and Melissa Turcotte of Advanced Research in Cyber Systems. Ernst & Young inventors include Joshua Neil, Curt Hash, Ben Uphoff, Alexander Brugh, Matt Morgan, and Joseph Sexton.

Photonic Band Gap Structures enable a new generation of high-current, high-power accelerators. Today, there are more than 30,000 particle accelerators operating around the world for use in basic science and applications in medicine, energy, environment, national security and defense. These accelerators use electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly the speed of light, containing the particles in well-defined beams. Los Alamos developed photonic band gap structures to improve the quality and intensity of the beams.

Evgenya Simakov of Los Alamos’ Accelerators and Electrodynamics group led a team that includes W. Brian Haynes of Radio Frequency Engineering, Dmitry Shchegolkov, Sergey Arsenyev and Tsuyoshi Tajima of Mechanical Design Engineering.

Pulmonary Lung Model (PuLMo) is a miniature, tissue-engineered lung developed to revolutionize the screening of new drugs or toxic agents. Current screening methods may not accurately predict response in humans. PuLMo also could be used as a platform to study the flow dynamics of particles inside a lung for applications in drug delivery and particle/pathogen deposition studies. PuLMo has the potential to enable screening of new drugs more effectively by improving the reliability of pre-clinical testing and saving time, money and lives.

Rashi S. Iyer of Information Systems and Modeling led the team of Pulak Nath of Applied Modern Physics, Jennifer Foster Harris, Ayesha Arefin, Yulin Shou, Kirill A. Balatsky and Jen-Huang Huang of Biosecurity and Public Health, Srinivas Iyer of Bioscience Division Office, Jan Henrik Sandin of Instrumentation and Controls, David Platts and John Avery William Neal of Applied Modern Physics, Timothy Charles Sanchez of Bioenergy and Biome Sciences  and Miranda Huang Intrator of Richard Feynman Center for Innovation.

Turning Windows and Building Facades into Energy-Producing Solar Panels: Engineered Quantum Dots for Luminescent Solar Concentrators. These revolutionary semitransparent windows contain highly emissive semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots) that collect sunlight for photovoltaics and provide a desired degree of shading. The material can turn windows and building facades into electrical generators of nonpolluting power. The nontoxic dots absorb the sunlight, re-emit it at a longer wavelength and waveguide it towards edge-installed photovoltaic cells to produce electricity. This technology can transform once-passive building facades into power-generation units, which can be particularly useful in densely populated areas.

Los Alamos submitted the joint entry with the University of Milano-Bicocca as a co-developer. Victor I. Klimov of Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy led the team of Kirill Velizhanin of Physics and Chemistry of Materials, Hunter McDaniel (former Los Alamos Postdoctoral Researcher, currently with UbiQD LLC), Sergio Brovelli and Francesco Meinardi (University of Milano-Bicocca).

Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA) provides coupled, high fidelity, software capabilities to examine light water reactors’ operational and safety performance-defining phenomena at levels of detail previously unattainable. The multiphysics simulation toolkit covers the range of physics necessary to predict the performance of currently operating commercial nuclear power reactors. This capability enables users to study, mitigate and manage the challenge problems identified by the industry to a level of understanding that is not available through other toolsets. VERA supports options for both high performance computing and industry-sized computing clusters in a manner that is accessible and easily understood for most users.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory submitted VERA, a joint entry with Core Physics, Electric Power Research Institute, Idaho National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, North Carolina State University, University of Michigan, and Westinghouse Electric Company. Christopher Stanek of Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes led the Los Alamos work.

The R&D 100 Awards

The prestigious “Oscars of Invention” honor the latest and best innovations and identify the top technology products of the past year. The R&D 100 Awards span industry, academia and government-sponsored research.

Since 1978 Los Alamos has won 132 of the prestigious R&D 100 Awards. The Laboratory’s discoveries, developments, advancements and inventions make the world a better and safer place, bolster national security and enhance national competitiveness.

Read more about the Laboratory’s past R&D 100 Awards.

Quantum-dot solar windows evolve with ‘doctor-blade’ spreading

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Scaling up to full window size proves successful for energy-producing windows

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 11, 2016—In a paper this week for the journal Nature Energy, a Los Alamos National Laboratory research team demonstrates an important step in taking quantum dot, solar-powered windows from the laboratory to the construction site by proving that the technology can be scaled up from palm-sized demonstration models to windows large enough to put in and power a building.

“We are developing solar concentrators that will harvest sunlight from building windows and turn it into electricity, using quantum-dot based luminescent solar concentrators,” said lead scientist Victor Klimov. Klimov leads the Los Alamos Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP).

Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) are light-management devices that can serve as large-area sunlight collectors for photovoltaic cells. An LSC consists of a slab of transparent glass or plastic impregnated or coated with highly emissive fluorophores. After absorbing solar light shining onto a larger-area face of the slab, LSC fluorophores re-emit photons at a lower energy and these photons are guided by total internal reflection to the device edges where they are collected by photovoltaic cells.

At Los Alamos, researchers expand the options for energy production while minimizing the impact on the environment, supporting the Laboratory mission to strengthen energy security for the nation.

In the Nature Energy paper, the team reports on large LSC windows created using the “doctor-blade” technique for depositing thin layers of a dot/polymer composite on top of commercial large-area glass slabs. The “doctor-blade” technique comes from the world of printing and uses a blade to wipe excess liquid material such as ink from a surface, leaving a thin, highly uniform film behind. “The quantum dots used in LSC devices have been specially designed for the optimal performance as LSC fluorophores and to exhibit good compatibility with the polymer material that holds them on the surface of the window,” Klimov noted.

LSCs use colloidal quantum dots to collect light because they have properties such as widely tunable absorption and emission spectra, nearly 100 percent emission efficiencies, and high photostability (they don’t break down in sunlight).

If the cost of an LSC is much lower than that of a photovoltaic cell of comparable surface area and the LSC efficiency is sufficiently high, then it is possible to considerably reduce the cost of producing solar electricity, Klimov said. “Semitransparent LSCs can also enable new types of devices such as solar or photovoltaic windows that could turn presently passive building facades into power generation units.” 

The quantum dots used in this study are semiconductor spheres with a core of one material and a shell of another. Their absorption and emission spectra can be tuned almost independently by varying the size and/or composition of the core and the shell. This allows the emission spectrum to be tuned by the parameters of the dot’s core to below the onset of strong optical absorption, which is itself tuned by the parameters of the dot’s shell. As a result, loss of light due to self-absorption is greatly reduced. “This tunability is the key property of these specially designed quantum dots that allows for record-size, high-performance LSC devices,” Klimov said.

The paper is “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low-loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” publishing this week in Nature Energy.

The „LSC quantum dots” were synthesized by Jaehoon Lim (a postdoctoral research associate). Hongbo Li (postdoctoral research associate), and Kaifeng Wu (postdoctoral Director’s Fellow) developed the procedures for encapsulating quantum dots into polymer matrices and their deposition onto glass slabs by doctor-blading. Hyung-Jun Song (postdoctoral research associate) fabricated prototypes of complete LSC-solar-cell devices and characterized them.

Funding: This work was funded by the Department of Energy’s Basic Energy Sciences program through a grant to the Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics.

Five Los Alamos innovations win R&D 100 Awards

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‘Oscars of Innovation’ go to CCSI, Entropy Engine, Pathscan, PulMo and VERA

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov.15, 2016—Five Los Alamos National Laboratory technologies won R&D 100 Awards last week at R&D Magazine’s annual ceremony in Washington, D.C.

“These awards are representative of the multidisciplinary character of the work we do at Los Alamos, and result from partnerships with other national laboratories, private industry and universities,” said Director Charlie McMillan. “I applaud all of the R&D 100 award winners for their success and for showcasing the innovative science and technology that Los Alamos is known for.”

The winners are:

  • Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative Toolset (CCSI),
  • The Entropy Engine: Revolutionizing Computer Security—A Flood of Randomness for the Entropy Desert,
  • PathScan: Security Analytics Software for Network Attack Detection,
  • Pulmonary Lung Model (PuLMo): A Miniature, Tissue-Engineered Lung—Revolutionizing the Screening of New Drugs or Toxic Agents and
  • Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA).

A sixth technology, Turning Windows and Building Facades into Energy-Producing Solar Panels: Engineered Quantum Dots for Luminescent Solar Concentrators, won the Green Technology Special Recognition Award.

“The Laboratory’s winners in the R&D 100 Award competition demonstrate the breadth of science that the Lab and its partners bring to bear for the national security mission,” said Carol Burns, deputy principal associate director of the Laboratory’s Science, Technology and Engineering directorate. “These innovative achievements include cybersecurity (Entropy Engine and PathScan), clean energy and the environment (Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative Toolset and Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications), and a miniature, tissue-engineered lung that contributes to health security (Pulmonary Lung Model). The Green Technology Award recognizes engineered quantum dots for solar concentrators that could be used to generate electrical energy. Several of these technologies, developed through partnerships, are already available to the public.”

About CCSI

Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) Toolset is a suite of computational tools and models that supports and accelerates the development, scale-up and commercialization of carbon dioxide capture technology to reduce domestic and global carbon dioxide emissions. The invention addresses key industrial challenges, including developing a baseline for the uncertainty in simulation results. It is the only suite of computational tools and models specifically tailored to help maximize learning during the scale-up process in order to reduce risk.

National Energy Technology Laboratory submitted the joint entry with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Princeton University, West Virginia University, University of Texas at Austin, Carnegie Mellon University, and Boston University. Joel Kress of Physics and Chemistry of Materials led the Los Alamos team, which included Jim Gattiker, Sham Bhat and Peter Marcy of Statistical Sciences; Brett Okhuysen of Systems Design and Analysis; David DeCroix of Intelligence and Emerging Threats Program Office and Susan Sprake of Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation.

About Entropy Engine

Entropy Engine is a random number generator that addresses a key fundamental flaw in modern crypto systems—predictability. The invention strengthens the foundation of computer security by producing an inexhaustible supply of pure random numbers at speeds of 200 million bits per second. Entropy Engine uses the unique properties of quantum mechanics to generate true entropy (random numbers) in a way that makes it immune from all external influences.

Los Alamos submitted Entropy Engine as a joint entry with Whitewood Encryption Systems based on technology that Whitewood licensed from the Lab. Raymond Newell of Applied Modern Physics led the Los Alamos team of Glen Peterson of Applied Modern Physics and David Guenther of Space Electronics and Signal Processing, with collaborators Richard Moulds of Whitewood Encryption Systems, Jane E. Nordholt and Richard Hughes (retired Laboratory employees), Robert Van Rooyen of Summit Scientific Inc. and Alex Rosiewicz of A2E Partners, Inc.

About PathScan

PathScan provides security analytics for detecting computer network attacks. Traditional computer network security tools, which search for malware or network signatures, insufficiently protect from expensive data breaches. Traditional defense mechanisms—perimeter controls and end-point antivirus protection—cannot keep pace with these increasingly innovative and sophisticated adversaries. Rather than detecting something that “looks” like a cyberthreat, PathScan searches for anomalous communications behavior within the network. The invention performs a statistical analysis of abnormal behavior across a network and identifies the lateral, reconnaissance and data staging behaviors of attackers.

Ernst & Young submitted PathScan, a joint entry with the Lab, based on technology licensed from the Lab. Michael Fisk, the Lab’s chief information officer, led the Los Alamos team of Curtis Storlie of Statistical Sciences, Alexander D. Kent of the Intelligence and Emerging Threats Program Office and Melissa Turcotte of Advanced Research in Cyber Systems. Ernst & Young inventors include Joshua Neil, Curt Hash, Ben Uphoff, Alexander Brugh, Matt Morgan and Joseph Sexton.

About PuLMo

Pulmonary Lung Model (PuLMo) is a miniature, tissue-engineered lung developed to revolutionize the screening of new drugs or toxic agents. Current screening methods may not accurately predict response in humans. PuLMo has the potential to enable screening of new drugs more effectively by improving the reliability of pre-clinical testing and saving time, money and lives. PuLMo also could be used as a platform to study the flow dynamics of particles inside a lung for applications in drug delivery and particle/pathogen deposition studies.

Rashi S. Iyer of Information Systems and Modeling led the team of Pulak Nath of Applied Modern Physics; Jennifer Foster Harris, Ayesha Arefin, Yulin Shou, Kirill A. Balatsky and Jen-Huang Huang of Biosecurity and Public Health; Srinivas Iyer of Bioscience Division Office; Jan Henrik Sandin of Instrumentation and Controls; David Platts and John Avery William Neal of Applied Modern Physics; Timothy Charles Sanchez of Bioenergy and Biome Sciences and Miranda Huang Intrator of Richard Feynman Center for Innovation.

About VERA

Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA) provides coupled, high-fidelity software capabilities to examine light water reactors’ operational and safety performance-defining phenomena at levels of detail previously unattainable. The multiphysics simulation toolkit covers the range of physics necessary to predict the performance of currently operating commercial nuclear power reactors. This capability enables users to study, mitigate and manage problems identified by the industry to a level of understanding that is not available through other toolsets. VERA supports options for both high performance computing and industry-sized computing clusters in a manner that is accessible and easily understood for most users.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory submitted VERA, a joint entry with Core Physics, Electric Power Research Institute, Idaho National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, North Carolina State University, University of Michigan and Westinghouse Electric Company. Christopher Stanek of Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes led the Los Alamos work.

About Turning Windows and Building Facades into Energy-Producing Solar Panels: Engineered Quantum Dots for Luminescent Solar Concentrators

Turning Windows and Building Facades into Energy-Producing Solar Panels: Engineered Quantum Dots for Luminescent Solar Concentrators won the Green Technology Special Recognition Award. These revolutionary semitransparent windows contain highly emissive semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots) that collect sunlight for photovoltaics and provide a desired degree of shading. The material can turn windows and building facades into electrical generators of nonpolluting power. The nontoxic dots absorb the sunlight, re-emit it at a longer wavelength and waveguide it towards edge-installed photovoltaic cells to produce electricity. This technology can transform once-passive building facades into power-generation units, which can be particularly useful in densely populated areas.

Los Alamos submitted the joint entry with co-developer University of Milano-Bicocca. Victor I. Klimov of Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy led the team of Kirill Velizhanin of Physics and Chemistry of Materials, Hunter McDaniel (former Los Alamos postdoctoral researcher, currently with UbiQD LLC), Sergio Brovelli and Francesco Meinardi (University of Milano-Bicocca).

The R&D 100 Awards

The prestigious “Oscars of Invention” honor the latest and best innovations and identify the top technology products of the past year. The R&D 100 Awards span industry, academia and government-sponsored research organizations.

Since 1978 Los Alamos has won 137 of the prestigious R&D 100 Awards. The Laboratory’s discoveries, developments, advancements and inventions make the world a better and safer place, bolster national security and enhance national competitiveness.

See all of the 2016 R&D 100 Award winners.

The Green Technology Award recognizes innovations that help make our environment greener and our goals toward energy reduction closer. From an engineering and societal perspective, efficiency and environmental factors play an increasingly important role in the world today. See all of the special recognition winners.

Nano Electronics Market : Global Market Snapshot by 2026

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With the current development in technologies such as mobile wireless devices, IOT, cloud computing, and ubiquitous electronics there has been rise in the demand for Nano materials to harvest energy and sensor integration. Moreover, Nano Electronics technology is demanded to manufacture new devices, network architecture, and to design new manufacturing processes with low cost and time. At present, Nano electronics technology is rising at a considerable rate due to its usage for increasing transmission speed between integrated circuits, reducing power consumption.

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Nano electronics works with the usage of nanotechnology for electronic components utilizing technology less than 100 nm in size that will help in reducing the size of computer systems.

With the changing scenario in electronics market, the manufacturers are emphasizing the development of Nano electronics components such as molecular memory, light weight photovoltaic cells and biosensors.

The major factor driving Nano electronics market is the molecular electronics. The development of this technology and the emergence of spin based computing is helping this market to grow significantly. Another factor driving this Nano electronics market is the development of Spintronics with Nano Electronics that will help in the development of spin based computing in coming year.

This his technology is still in its introductory phase therefore there is less awareness among electronics product manufactures that hinders the Nano electronics market growth. Furthermore, it is not easy to use this technology for various components as in some components scaling could be different.

Nano Electronics Market: Segmentation

In this Nano Electronics market companies offer Nano Electronics materials primarily

Segmentation on the basis of material:

  • Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • Copper Oxide Nanoparticles
  • Gold Nanoparticles
  • Iron Oxide Nanoparticles
  • Others

Segmentation on the basis of application:

  • Transistors
  • Integrated Circuits
  • Photonics
  • IOT and wearable Devices
  • Electronic textile
  • Others 

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Some of the key players in Nano Electronics market are Everspin Technologies, IBM, IMEC, HP and OD Vision

Marine Propulsion Engine Market size anticipated to grow at 4.3% CAGR from 2016 to 2024.

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Marine Propulsion Engine Market share is dominated by companies such as MAN Diesel, Rolls Royce, Mitsubishi, and Wärtsilä. The industry is characterized by long term contracts and frequent mergers & acquisitions to achieve competitive advantage.

Marine Propulsion Engine Market size is expected to reach USD 13.31 billion by 2024; according to a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc.

 

Europe Marine Propulsion Engine Market size, by product, 2013-2024 (USD Million)

Europe Marine Propulsion Engine Market size, by product, 2013-2024 (USD Million)

High demand for operationally dependable and fuel efficient ships will drive the marine propulsion engine market share over the forecast timeline. Rapid innovation has led to the development of new energy efficient and high performance products. Industry participants such as Rolls-Royce and Wärtsilä have continuously innovated and extended their product offerings to cater to growing demand for capacity handling.

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With decreasing demand for fuel bunkers, nuclear propulsion delivers more cargo space without refueling. Growing trend towards the development of the powerful engines in the shipping industry has been supplemented by the introduction of supertankers. Shift towards unconventional energy sources will fuel the marine propulsion market size over the forecast timeframe.

Power derived from wind is free from exhaust pollutants. Solar power is also utilized as an auxiliary power source with the help of photovoltaic cells to generate electricity, thus driving the future of propulsion systems.

Growing efforts toward enhancing engine capacities and introduction of larger cargo holding capacity containers has led to rapid innovation and development initiatives. Depleting shale and conventional gas reserves has increased demand for LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) as marine fuel. It is used in reciprocating engines owing to its effective combustion capabilities.

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Fuel cells will witness substantial growth opportunities due to high performance characteristics in auxiliary propulsion and low-power machinery. The shipping industry has diverted its focus on reducing consumption of fossil fuel by developing electric motors, thereby contributing to energy efficiency.

Stringent emission regulations by International Convention for Prevention of Pollution (MARPOL) may hinder the marine propulsion engine market size over the forecast timeline. MARPOL regulations are principally applied for marine environment protection. Violations caused due to chemical spills, exhaust gases leading to air pollution, and contamination of oil and sewage waste may lead to severe penalties.

 

Key insights from the report include:

  • Diesel propulsion engine market size was upwards of USD 6 billion in 2015, it will grow at 4.2% CAGR estimation over the next eight years. This can be attributed to significant improvements in various technologies such as firing pressures, fuel injection technology, turbo-charging efficiency and brake mean effective pressure.
  • Rising adoption of electric transmission will augment fuel cell usage in the long term. Generation of green hydrogen using renewable energy is also anticipated to trigger technology adoption in the coming years.
  • Solar and wind segment accounted for more than 3% of the 2015 industry revenue with 6% CAGR forecast. Favorable government initiatives and investments in the development of renewable energy sources-powered products will drive demand.
  • Significant investments by China and South Korea will drive Asia Pacific marine propulsion engine market share. The regional industry was valued at more than USD 4.5 billion in 2015 and will grow at 4.8% CAGR. 

 

About Global Market Insights

Global Market Insights, Inc., headquartered in Delaware, U.S., is a global market research and consulting service provider; offering syndicated and custom research reports along with growth consulting services. Our business intelligence and industry research reports offer clients with penetrative insights and actionable market data specially designed and presented to aid strategic decision making. These exhaustive reports are designed via a proprietary research methodology and are available for key industries such as chemicals, advanced materials, technology, renewable energy and biotechnology.

 

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Thin Film Photovoltaic Cells Market Estimated to Grow Strongly by 2024

PMR

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Photovoltaic method is used for the generation of electrical power. Solar radiation is converted into direct electricity with the help of semiconductors. Photovoltaic cells are also known as solar cells which are used to generate the voltage when radiant energy falls on the boundary between dissimilar substances.

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Semiconductors are been differentiated via energy band gap and the type of band gap. Band gap energy is the energy needed to allow an electron in an atom’s shell to break away from the atom and flow freely in the material.  The higher the band gap energy the higher would be the energy of light required to release an electron to conduct current. Higher band gap results in low power and low current because of less number of electrons and vice versa.

The major drivers of this market includes low cost and able to automate numerous manufacturing process. The main factor that is restraining the growth of this market is it provides very low efficiency.

The market could be segmented on the basis of materials used which includes Silicon (Si), Germanium (Ge), Cadmium Telluride (CdTe), Gallium Arsenide (GaAs), Copper Indium Diselenide (CIS) and Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) among others. In addition, the market could be segmented on the basis of geography which includes North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and RoW.

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Some of the key players dominating this market are First Solar, Sharp, Trony Solar, NextPower, Solar Frontier, Kaneka Solartech Co. Ltd., Inventux Tech. AG, Sungen International, Bosch, Greenshine New Energy, Canadian Solar, China Sunergy and Evergreen solar among others.