Alcohol Justice Reports: Alcohol industry misleading the public about alcohol-related cancer risk

Study identifies "denying, distortion and distraction" as main strategies

SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Alcohol Justice is reporting the release of a new study in the UK showing that the alcohol industry (AI) is misrepresenting evidence about the alcohol-related risk of cancer with activities that have parallels with those of the tobacco industry. The new research is published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Review.

Led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine with the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, the team analysed the information relating to cancer which appears on the websites and documents of nearly 30 alcohol industry organisations around the world between September 2016 and December 2016. Most of the organisational websites (24/26) showed some sort of distortion or misrepresentation of the evidence about alcohol-related cancer risk, with breast and colorectal cancers being the most common focus of misrepresentation

The most common approach involves presenting the relationship between alcohol and cancer as highly complex, with the implication or statement that there is no evidence of a consistent or independent link. Others include denying that any relationship exists or claiming inaccurately that there is no risk for light or 'moderate' drinking, as well discussing a wide range of real and potential risk factors, thus presenting alcohol as just one risk among many.

"This study exposes Big Alcohol's standard operating procedure - deny, distract and distort evidence of alcohol as a dangerous disease-causing agent," stated Bruce Lee Livingston, Executive Director / CEO of U.S-based Alcohol Justice. "It is further evidence that any and all health claims made by the alcohol industry are nothing more than marketing rhetoric making it culpable for fueling over-consumption and massive related harm worldwide."

According to the study, the researchers say policymakers and public health bodies should reconsider their relationships to these alcohol industry bodies, as the industry is involved in developing alcohol policy in many countries, and disseminates health information to the public.

Alcohol consumption is a well-established risk factor for a range of cancers, including oral cavity, liver, breast and colorectal cancers, and accounts for about 4% of new cancer cases annually in the UK1. There is limited evidence that alcohol consumption protects against some cancers, such as renal and ovary cancers, but in 2016 the UK's Committee on Carcinogenicity concluded that the evidence is inconsistent, and the increased risk of other cancers as a result of drinking alcohol far outweighs any possible decreased risk².

This new study analysed the information which is disseminated by 27 AI-funded organisations, most commonly 'social aspects and public relations organisations' (SAPROs), and similar bodies. The researchers aimed to determine the extent to which the alcohol industry fully and accurately communicates the scientific evidence on alcohol and cancer to consumers.

They analysed information on cancer and alcohol consumption disseminated by alcohol industry bodies and related organisations from English speaking countries, or where the information was available in English.

Through qualitative analysis of this information they identified three main industry strategies. Denying, or disputing any link with cancer, or selective omission of the relationship, Distortion: mentioning some risk of cancer, but misrepresenting or obfuscating the nature or size of that risk and Distraction: focussing discussion away from the independent effects of alcohol on common cancers.

Mark Petticrew, Professor of Public Health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and lead author of the study, said: "The weight of scientific evidence is clear - drinking alcohol increases the risk of some of the most common forms of cancer, including several common cancers. Public awareness of this risk is low, and it has been argued that greater public awareness, particularly of the risk of breast cancer, poses a significant threat to the alcohol industry. Our analysis suggests that the major global alcohol producers may attempt to mitigate this by disseminating misleading information about cancer through their 'responsible drinking' bodies."

A common strategy was 'selective omission' - avoiding mention of cancer while discussing other health risks or appearing to selectively omit specific cancers. The researchers say that one of the most important findings is that AI materials appear to specifically omit or misrepresent the evidence on breast and colorectal cancer. One possible reason is that these are among the most common cancers, and therefore may be more well-known than oral and oesophageal cancers.

When breast cancer is mentioned the researchers found that 21 of the organisations present no, or misleading, information on breast cancer, such as presenting many alternative possible risk factors for breast cancer, without acknowledging the independent risk of alcohol consumption.

Professor Petticrew said: "Existing evidence of strategies employed by the alcohol industry suggests that this may not be a matter of simple error. This has obvious parallels with the global tobacco industry's decades-long campaign to mislead the public about the risk of cancer, which also used front organisations and corporate social activities."

The researchers say the results are important because the alcohol industry is involved in conveying health information to people around the world. The findings also suggest that major international alcohol companies may be misleading their shareholders about the risks of their products, potentially leaving the industry open to litigation in some countries.

Professor Petticrew said: "Some public health bodies liaise with the industry organisations that we analysed. Despite their undoubtedly good intentions, it is unethical for them to lend their expertise and legitimacy to industry campaigns which mislead the public about alcohol-related harms. Our findings are also a clear reminder of the risks of giving the AI the responsibility of informing the public about alcohol and health.

"It has often been assumed that, by and large, the AI, unlike the tobacco industry, has tended not to deny the harms of alcohol. However, through its provision of misleading information it can maintain what has been called 'the illusion of righteousness' in the eyes of policymakers, while negating any significant impact on alcohol consumption and profits.

"It's important to highlight that if people drink within the recommended guidelines they shouldn't be too concerned when it comes to cancer. For accurate and accessible information on the risks, the public can visit the NHS website."

The authors acknowledge limitations of their study including that there are many other mechanisms and organisations through which industry disseminates health-related information which they did not examine, although it is unlikely that the messages would be different.

The researchers also say there is an urgent need to examine other industry websites, documents, social media and other materials in order to assess the nature and extent of the distortion of evidence, and whether it extends to other health information, for example, in relation to cardiovascular disease.

For more information or to request interviews please contact the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine press office on +44(0)20 7927 2802 or email press@lshtm.ac.uk.

A copy of the paper is available upon request.

Notes to Editors

Publication

Mark Petticrew, Nason Maani Hessari ,Cécile knai and Elisabete Weiderpass. How alcohol industry organisations mislead the public about alcohol and cancer. Drug and Alcohol Review. DOI: 10.1111/dar.12596

1Cancer Research UK: Statistics on preventable cancers.

2Committee on Carcinogenicity of chemicals in food, consumer products and the environment (COC). Statement 2015/S2.

About the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine is a world-leading centre for research and postgraduate education in public and global health, with more than 4,000 students and 1,000 staff working in over 100 countries. The School is one of the highest-rated research institutions in the UK, is among the world's leading schools in public and global health, and was named University of the Year in the Times Higher Education Awards 2016. Our mission is to improve health and health equity in the UK and worldwide; working in partnership to achieve excellence in public and global health research, education and translation of knowledge into policy and practice. http://www.lshtm.ac.uk

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SOURCE Alcohol Justice

Express Scripts Offers Important Prescription Drug Information for Residents Impacted by Hurricane Irma

ST. LOUIS, Sept. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Express Scripts is providing the following information to assist residents impacted by Hurricane Irma in Florida, Georgia and Puerto Rico who have prescription coverage through Express Scripts.

WHO:  All people who have a pharmacy benefit administered by Express Scripts who have been affected by Hurricane Irma in Puerto Rico, or are being evacuated in advance of Hurricane Irma's projected landfall in Florida and Georgia.

WHAT:  Emergency medication refills are available to those who do not have access to necessary prescription medications due to storm damage, or do not have an adequate supply in advance of an evacuation.  Express Scripts members can visit their local pharmacy to obtain an emergency supply.

Members of an Express Scripts pharmacy plan who need immediate assistance from a pharmacist can call Express Scripts at the phone number printed on their prescription drug card or 1-800-496-4165.  Beneficiaries of the TRICARE® Pharmacy Program should call 1-877-363-1303.

All residents preparing for the arrival of Hurricane Irma are encouraged to follow these emergency preparedness tips:

  • Keep a copy of your medication list, and your prescription drug benefit card, with you in a waterproof bag. Express Scripts members can print their medication history at www.express-scripts.com, or access it via our mobile app.
  • If you have to evacuate, take your medication with you. Keep medications in original containers with original labels, and place in a waterproof bag or container. If your medication requires refrigeration or electronic equipment, make a plan for temporary storage (such as a cooler with ice packs) and administration.
  • Additional tips and information on emergency preparedness for prescription medications can be found at http://lab.express-scripts.com

Contact:
Jennifer Luddy
Express Scripts
201-269-6402
Jennifer_luddy@express-scripts.com

 

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SOURCE Express Scripts

LingroLearning announces first of its kind technology partnership with Center for Applied Language Studies (CASLS) at University of Oregon

NEW YORK, Sept. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- With worldwide interest in learning Spanish and interactive gaming continuing to surge, New York based startup LingroLearning today announced a far-reaching partnership with the Center for Applied Language Studies at University of Oregon to build a series of mobile, game-based language learning products.

"The globalization of the digital gaming industry, the diversification of games into new and culturally hybrid genres, increased access to broadband, and expanding numbers of non-traditional game players have precipitated a notable expansion of digital game and play activity into new contexts and applications," said Dr. Julie Sykes, director of CASLS and a leading expert on digital games and language learning. "Together with LingroLearning, we're exploring these shifts in behaviors and emerging technologies and creating programs and products for transformational teaching and learning."

The first product created through the joint venture, LingroToGoTM, is a mobile app for learning Spanish whose game-based design engages learners and transforms their learning experience. The app received high ratings from students and instructors in beta tests with more than 80% of study participants saying they liked the app or rating it "far superior" to other language apps on the market.  

"We're very proud to have so quickly established a language learning ecosystem that consists of an outstanding network of experts," said Steve Debow, CEO of LingroLearning. "We're thrilled to be partnering with the team at CASLS to bring extraordinary new mobile products to language learners around the world."  

About LingroLearning

LingroLearning is changing the way we learn languages. Founded in 2016 by experienced industry pioneers who have together created some of the most successful language content and technology on the market today, the company is partnering with leading language scholars, practitioners, and institutions to launch pedagogically sound, tech-enabled language learning products and experiences that help people learn.

For more information about LingroLearning, go to http://www.lingrolearning.com

About CASLS

The Center for Applied Second Language Studies (CASLS) at the University of Oregon fosters innovation in world language teaching and learning by providing research-based solutions to materials creation, program implementation, and evaluation and assessment. CASLS is one of sixteen National Foreign Language Resource Centers that work to increase the nation's capacity for language teaching and learning.

For more information, go to https://casls.uoregon.edu

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SOURCE LingroLearning

Progress has stalled in US stroke death rates after decades of decline

More timely stroke care can improve patient outcomes

ATLANTA, Sept. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- After more than four decades of decline, progress has slowed in preventing stroke deaths, according to the latest Vital Signs report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Not only has progress slowed among most demographic groups and states, stroke death rates have increased among Hispanics and people living in the South.

This new report found that the stall in progress is true for 3 out of 4 states across the U.S., not just in the "stroke belt." While the report does not specifically address the reasons behind the slowdown, other studies point to increased numbers of Americans with risk factors such as high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes. Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability, but it doesn't have to be. Almost 800,000 people have a stroke each year and more than 140,000 die, even though about 80 percent of strokes are preventable.

"These findings are a wakeup call. We've made enormous progress in reducing stroke deaths, but that progress has stalled," said CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald, M.D. "We know the majority of strokes are preventable, and we must improve our efforts to reduce America's stroke burden."

Key findings from the report:

  • After decades of decline, the progress in preventing stroke deaths has slowed.
  • Blacks continue to have the highest stroke death rates among all races/ethnicities.
  • Stroke death rates increased among Hispanics by 6 percent each year from 2013-2015.
  • The decline in stroke death rates slowed in 38 states (about three out of four states and the District of Columbia) from 2000 through 2015.
  • The findings emphasize the importance of increasing efforts to reduce stroke deaths by identifying risk factors, geographic trends, and other factors that may be driving the stall.

Improving Care and Reducing Stroke Deaths

High blood pressure is the single most important preventable and treatable risk factor for stroke. Hospitals, doctors, rehabilitation specialists, emergency medical technicians (EMTs), pharmacists, and other health professionals can help address stroke risk factors and improve patient outcomes if a stroke occurs.

Stroke is a medical emergency; therefore, CDC encourages educating people on the importance of recognizing the signs and symptoms of stroke early and calling 9-1-1 quickly. It is also important for people to understand how to reduce their risk for stroke and how to prevent subsequent strokes if they have already had one.

CDC efforts to reduce stroke deaths include working closely with partners on the Million Hearts initiative and the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program. These national initiatives focus on reducing risk factors and improving stroke care.

Health professionals, state officials, and other partners in the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program improve collaborations between hospitals, emergency medical services (EMS) agencies, and outpatient providers. They also work directly in communities to educate people on the signs and symptoms of stroke. All of these efforts help save lives and prevent long-term disability from stroke.

Million Hearts, a national initiative co-led by CDC and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, aims to prevent one million heart attacks and strokes by 2022 by keeping people healthy, optimizing clinical care, and focusing efforts on priority populations. To learn how professionals and practices have controlled the blood pressure of at least 70 percent of their hypertensive patients, visit http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/partners-progress/champions/index.html.

To learn more about heart disease and stroke, visit http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease and http://www.cdc.gov/stroke. For more information on high blood pressure, visit http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure.

About Vital Signs

Vital Signs is a report that appears as part of the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Vital Signs provides the latest data and information on key health indicators: cancer prevention, obesity, tobacco use, motor vehicle passenger safety, prescription drug overdose, HIV/AIDS, alcohol use, health care-associated infections, cardiovascular health, teen pregnancy, food safety, and viral hepatitis.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CDC works 24/7 protecting America's health, safety and security. Whether disease start at home or abroad, are curable or preventable, chronic or acute, or from human activity or deliberate attack, CDC responds to America's most pressing health threats. CDC is headquartered in Atlanta and has experts located throughout the United States and the world.

Contact: CDC Media Relations
(404) 639-3286

 

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SOURCE Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

FCA US Recognized as a Top Employer for Hispanic Women

AUBURN HILLS, Mich., Sept. 7, 2017 /PRNewswire/ --

  • FCA US ranks #11 on the annual Latina Style Top 50 Report
  • Report "is the most respected evaluation of corporate America's employment opportunities and policies as they pertain to Latinas"
  • Fourteenth year the Company has been included in the Top 50 Report since the benchmark was established in 1998

After the evaluation of more than 800 corporations, the editors of Latina Style magazine have named FCA US LLC to the list of the top 50 U.S. companies for Hispanic women to work. The ranking is part of the magazine's annual Latina Style 50 Report (LS50 Report). FCA US ranked #11 of 50 top employers named to the list.

The LS50 Report highlights companies that have a dedicated effort to diverse recruitment and promotion initiatives, including companies that have programs to recruit veterans and military personnel. It is considered "the most respected evaluation of corporate America's employment opportunities and policies as they pertain to Latinas."

This is the 14th year the Company has been included in the Top 50 Report since the benchmark was established in 1998.

The full report will be published in the September issue of the magazine and on www.latinastyle.com

"Diversity and inclusion are core elements of the FCA US' business strategy, and vital to our efforts to develop a workforce that enables the Company to innovate and compete in a dynamic, competitive industry," said Kelly Tolbert, Head of Diversity, FCA US LLC. "Our consistent high performance on this important benchmark is a testament to the Company's commitment to maintaining a work environment that respects and engages all people and cultures."

"We congratulate FCA US on the outstanding career advancement opportunities it continues to provide its employees," said Robert Bard, President & CEO, Latina Style magazine. "Such an outstanding record of performance can only be achieved when there is full commitment throughout the Company to diversity and inclusion."

Latina Style magazine began the LS50 Report as "a quest to explore deeper into the business world and bring forth powerful and useful information on the increasing importance of recruiting professional Latinas." 

In 1997, with the assistance of the U.S. Department of Labor, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and national Hispanic organizations, the magazine developed a comprehensive survey that is sent annually to Fortune 1000 companies. The LS50 Report, the result of that annual survey process, highlights each selected company's leadership programs, employee benefits and Latina representation in senior positions.

The report is distributed to Hispanic professional and civic organizations, national women's organizations, colleges and universities, all members of Congress, the White House, members of the Cabinet, military and veteran's organizations, as well as at major Hispanic and recruitment conferences.

About Latina StyleMagazine
Latina Style is the most influential publication reaching the contemporary Hispanic woman. With a national circulation of 150,000 and a readership of nearly 600,000, the magazine is unique in its ability to reach both the seasoned professional and the young Latina entering the workforce for the first time, showcasing Latina achievements in all areas, including business, science, civic affairs, education, entertainment, sports, and the arts. 

About FCA US LLC
FCA US LLC is a North American automaker based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It designs, manufactures, and sells or distributes vehicles under the Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep®, Ram, FIAT and Alfa Romeo brands, as well as the SRT performance designation. The Company also distributes Mopar and Alfa Romeo parts and accessories. FCA US is building upon the historic foundations of Chrysler Corp., established in 1925 by industry visionary Walter P. Chrysler and Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (F.I.A.T.), founded in Italy in 1899 by pioneering entrepreneurs, including Giovanni Agnelli. FCA US is a member of the Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (FCA) family of companies. (NYSE: FCAU/ MTA: FCA).

FCA, the seventh-largest automaker in the world based on total annual vehicle sales, is an international automotive group. FCA is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "FCAU" and on the Mercato Telematico Azionario under the symbol "FCA."

Follow FCA US news and video on:
Company blog: blog.fcanorthamerica.com
Company website: www.fcanorthamerica.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FiatChrysler.NorthAmerica/
Instagram: www.instagram.com/FiatChrysler_NA
Twitter: www.twitter.com/FiatChrysler_NA
Twitter (Spanish): www.twitter.com/fcausespanol
YouTube: www.youtube.com/fcanorthamerica
Media website: media.fcanorthamerica.com

 

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SOURCE FCA US LLC

Discovery of genes linked to preterm birth in landmark study

Study based on data from more than 50,000 women, published today in The New England Journal of Medicine, could lead to new ways to prevent leading cause of infant mortality

CINCINNATI, Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A massive DNA analysis of pregnant women has identified six gene regions that influence the length of pregnancy and the timing of birth. The findings, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, may lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth and its consequences—the leading cause of death among children under age 5 worldwide.

The study, coordinated by Louis Muglia, MD, PhD, co-director of the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children's and principal investigator of the March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center--Ohio Collaborative, together with Bo Jacobsson, MD, PhD, of Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, involved data from more than 50,000 women. The globe-spanning team included first author Ge Zhang, MD, PhD, of the Division of Human Genetics at Cincinnati Children's, along with researchers from Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Yale University, University of Iowa, and the genetic testing company 23andMe. Vital funding was provided by the March of Dimes, the National Institutes of Health, The Research Council of Norway, Swedish Research Council and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center--Ohio Collaborative, launched in 2013, is responsible for the gene identification component of the network of five Prematurity Research Centers nationwide established by the March of Dimes to identify the unknown causes of preterm birth. Because preterm birth is a complex disorder with many possible causes, other Prematurity Research Centers are charged with exploring different aspects of preterm birth and how to prevent it. The centers work together on complementary investigations and share data and biosamples to accelerate progress.

WHAT IS PRETERM BIRTH?

Preterm birth is defined as any birth occurring before 37 weeks of pregnancy. In addition to the risk of death, babies who survive an early birth often face serious, lifelong health problems, including chronic lung disease, vision and hearing impairment, cerebral palsy, and neurodevelopmental disabilities. The scientific world has been hunting for the causes of preterm birth for decades.

LARGE-SCALE PROJECT REQUIRED LARGE-SCALE COLLABORATION

"We have known for a long time that preterm birth is a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Previous research has suggested that about 30 to 40 percent of the risk for preterm birth is linked to genetic factors. This new study is the first to provide robust information as to what some of those genetic factors actually are," says Dr. Muglia.

"This is a very exciting discovery that can be expected to lead to the development of new treatments to prevent pregnant women from going into labor too soon and to give more babies a healthy start in life," says Stacey D. Stewart, president of the March of Dimes. She noted that identifying the biologic causes of preterm birth will be necessary for the United States to reach the March of Dimes goal to reduce the preterm birth rate to 5.5 percent by 2030.

Dr. Muglia notes that this study assembled extensive genomic data from at least five times as many pregnant women than had been gathered by any previous study of pregnancy and preterm birth. The findings are based heavily on data from more than 44,000 women who provided saliva samples to 23andMe. These women also answered questions about their past pregnancies and agreed that their genetic information could be analyzed, anonymously, for science. 

The other crucial reference data set involved more than 8,000 Nordic women with the assistance of the Mother Child Cohort of Norway (MoBa); The Finnish Birth Cohort (FIN); and the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC).

"In the past year, there have been several successful large genome-wide association studies of reproductive behaviors; in that context, I think this study is particularly important because of the immediate clinical relevance of gestational timing," says David Hinds, PhD, 23andMe Principal Scientist and Statistical Geneticist, who helped to co-author the paper. "This work shows that genetics can improve our understanding of variation in timing."

"These are exciting findings that could play a key role in reducing newborn deaths and giving every child the chance to grow up smart and strong," says Trevor Mundel, President of the Global Health Division of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. "Not only did the study reveal several genes linked to pre-term birth, it also identified a simple, low-cost solution – selenium supplements for expectant mothers – that, if confirmed, could save thousands of lives. It's a great example of the power of public-private partnership."

WHAT DO THESE DISCOVERIES MEAN?

Today's breakthrough findings lead to several key implications:

  • This is a beginning point. The six gene areas identified by the project serve as a launching platform for deeper research, some of which has already begun. Potential diagnostic tests, new medications, improved dietary supplements or other changes that could help more women have full-term pregnancies will require several more years of study, the authors say.
  • One of the gene areas identified suggests that cells within the lining of the uterus play a larger-than-expected role in the length of pregnancy, which in turn provides a new target for medications to help prevent preterm birth.
  • Another newly identified gene area raises important questions about how a lack of selenium—a common dietary mineral found in some nuts, certain green vegetables, liver and other meats—might affect preterm birth risk.  People living in regions with low selenium in soil and diet, and people in the U.S. who live in low-income "food deserts" are most at risk of having a lack of selenium in their diets.

WHAT'S NEXT?

In the months and years to come, much more research will be conducted to build upon today's findings.

For example, work is underway to launch studies in Africa and Asia to determine how precisely the gene associations found in this study apply to non-European populations.

Planning work has started to conduct more-specific testing of selenium levels in pregnant women in low-income nations and areas within the United States.

Dr. Muglia noted that today's findings will also be part of a March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center database that will allow researchers to study the importance of these genes not only in isolation but in context with other potential factors in preterm birth now under investigation, including:

  • the microbiome and inflammation/infection;
  • structural integrity of cervix and uterine pacemakers that drive contractions;
  • fetal-maternal signaling to initiate labor;
  • nutrition and mitochondria;
  • the molecular basis of social determinants of preterm birth.

The March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center--Ohio Collaborative partners are Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, The Ohio State University, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Mount Carmel Health System, Case Western Reserve University, University MacDonald Women's Hospital and Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, and the MetroHealth System. 

The other centers are located at Stanford University School of Medicine; Washington University in St. Louis; University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine; and University of Chicago-Northwestern University-Duke University.

CITATION

Zhang, G, Feenstra B, Bacelis J, et al. Genetic Associations with Gestational Duration and Spontaneous Preterm Birth. N Engl J Med. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1612665.

The paper appears free online beginning at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time, Wednesday, September 6 and will be in the September 21 printed issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

THANK YOU TO THESE SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS

Major funding and collaboration for the study were provided by the March of Dimes, White Plains, NY; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 23andMe, Inc., Mountain View, CA; Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA; the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD; The Finnish Birth Cohort (FIN); Mother Child Cohort of Norway (MoBa); and the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC).

Other partners in the study in the U.S. included Fifth Third Foundation, Cincinnati; The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA; Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; and Yale University, New Haven, CT.

ABOUT THE MARCH OF DIMES

The March of Dimes is the leading nonprofit organization for pregnancy and baby health. For more than 75 years, moms and babies have benefited from March of Dimes research, education, vaccines, and breakthroughs. For the latest resources and health information, visit our websites marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org. If you have been affected by prematurity or birth defects, visit our shareyourstory.org community to find comfort and support. For detailed national, state and local perinatal statistics, visit peristats.org. You can also find us on Facebook or follow us on Instagram and Twitter.

 

 

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SOURCE March of Dimes

Comerica’s Monica L. Martinez Named Among Nation’s Most Influential Latino Leaders

DALLAS, Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Comerica Bank's Monica L. Martinez has been named to the "101 Most Influential Latinos in 2017" by Latino Leaders magazine, July/August edition. Martinez, Comerica's senior vice president of External Affairs, was selected on criteria of integrity, passion, vision and strong leadership.

"It's humbling to be honored among such distinguished professionals," said Martinez. "I'm thankful to Latino Leaders magazine for recognizing my professional accomplishments and my work within the community."

In her dual role at Comerica, Martinez oversees charitable contributions and maintains relationships with key community stakeholders in the Michigan Market, while also serving as the director of National Hispanic Business Development in the bank's primary markets—Texas, Arizona, California, Florida and Michigan. She helps direct the bank's Hispanic Business Initiative teams and Hispanic Employee Resource groups. Martinez is also accountable for growing business relationships and developing outreach initiatives with emphasis on the bank's expanding markets nationwide.  

"Latinos are becoming the most influential segment in the U.S. since the baby boomers, representing 18 percent of the overall population, as reported in a recent Nielsen study," said Martinez. "It is essential to connect with our communities and build strong relationships with Hispanic business owners and entrepreneurs who are playing a substantial role in job creation and economic development."

Fluent in Spanish and English, Martinez holds a bachelor's degree from Eastern Michigan University, where she majored in International Business with a focus in Marketing. For her graduate work, she studied Interdisciplinary Technology with a concentration in Business Management at Eastern Michigan University.

She serves in a leadership capacity on several nonprofit boards including, the Michigan Hispanic Chamber, SER Jobs for Progress National, the Girl Scouts of Southeastern Michigan, New Detroit and the Metropolitan Affairs Coalition.

In July, Martinez was also one of eight women recognized by DBusiness magazine's "Powered by Women" List as one of the most influential women in Michigan for driving growth locally, nationally and globally.

About Comerica
Comerica Incorporated (NYSE: CMA) is a financial services company headquartered in Dallas, Texas, and strategically aligned by three business segments: The Business Bank, The Retail Bank, and Wealth Management. Comerica focuses on relationships, and helping people and businesses be successful. In addition to Texas, Comerica Bank locations can be found in Arizona, California, Florida and Michigan, with select businesses operating in several other states, as well as in Canada and Mexico.

 

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SOURCE Comerica Incorporated

Toyota Marks 25 Years of Knowledge Sharing with North American Small Business and Non-Profits by Engaging New Sectors

Toyota Production System Helps Make Sustainable Organizations, Produce Jobs, Improve Lives

PLANO, Texas, Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Ace Metal Crafts in Bensenville, Ill., needed to find a way to reduce their production lead time.  Harbor-UCLA Medical Center's eye clinic wanted to serve more patients. SBP sought to reduce the amount of time it takes to rebuild homes after natural disasters.  These are some of the more than 300 organizations throughout North America that have collaborated with Toyota to find better ways of doing their day-to-day work.

For 25 years, Toyota Motor North America, through its Toyota Production System Support Center (TSSC), has shared the "Toyota Production System," (TPS) the same operational philosophy and practices the company follows in its own factories to make automobiles.

The company started sharing its know-how with small to mid-sized manufacturers, later expanding and applying the system beyond manufacturing to government entities, non-profits involved in disaster recovery and hunger relief, and, more recently, healthcare organizations.

Today, Toyota announced that its knowledge sharing efforts will now be extended to sectors including retail and construction, among other sectors in North America.

"Our years of manufacturing experience have taught us that small improvements in a process can make a big difference — and we've learned that this approach can help other organizations outside of manufacturing, too," said Terry Horinouchi, president of TSSC. "Through our collaborations over the years, our partners have acquired the knowledge to feed more clients, build more homes, improve quality of care, gain more business, and preserve or even create jobs in North America."

The goal of TSSC is to equip non-Toyota organizations with the tools to solve operational problems, maximize available resources, and preserve or even create jobs.  

Through philosophies of TPS, ACE Metals Crafts reduced their production lead time by 38 percent, retained their largest client and added more jobs; Harbor-UCLA Medical Center reduced the time from check-in to discharge by half for their patients and increasing the number of new patients seen each day; and SBP reduced the amount of time takes to rebuild a home after a natural disaster from an average of 116 days to 60 days (48 percent improvement).

"Toyota engages other organizations with our know-how so that they can build a culture of continuous improvement," said Chris Nielsen, executive vice president of product support and chief quality officer of Toyota Motor North America. "We see strong opportunity in organizations in sectors other than automotive or manufacturing, and are excited to see how TSSC can collaborate with them to help improve processes, maximize operations, build more resilient communities, and serve more people."

To commemorate the 25th anniversary, TSSC held an event with various partners across sectors to share experiences and academia to discuss TPS and how it is applied to various organizations. Panels included, "Made in America: TPS in manufacturing and much more" and "TPS in Healthcare: Opportunities and Challenges Ahead."

About Toyota
Toyota (NYSE:TM) has been a part of the cultural fabric in the U.S. and North America for 60 years, and is committed to advancing sustainable, next-generation mobility through our Toyota and Lexus brands. During that time, Toyota has created a tremendous value chain as our teams have contributed to world-class design, engineering, and assembly of more than 33 million cars and trucks in North America, where we operate 14 manufacturing plants (10 in the U.S.) and directly employ more than 46,000 people (more than 36,000 in the U.S.).  Our 1,800 North American dealerships (nearly 1,500 in the U.S.) sold almost 2.7 million cars and trucks (2.45 million in the U.S.) in 2016 – and about 85 percent of all Toyota vehicles sold over the past 15 years are still on the road today.  

Toyota partners with community, civic, academic, and governmental organizations to address our society's most pressing mobility challenges. We share company resources and extensive know-how to support non-profits to help expand their ability to assist more people move more places. For more information about Toyota, visit www.toyotanewsroom.com.

Media Contact:
Aaron Fowles
Aaron.Fowles@toyota.com
(469) 292-1097

 

View original content with multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/toyota-marks-25-years-of-knowledge-sharing-with-north-american-small-business-and-non-profits-by-engaging-new-sectors-300514337.html

SOURCE Toyota Motor North America

SBS Fires Back At Allegations Made By SAG-AFTRA

Company Will Vigorously Defend Against False Union Claims

MIAMI, Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Spanish Broadcasting System, Inc. ("SBS") (OTCQX: SBSAA) today released a statement repudiating the recent claims made by SAG-AFTRA regarding alleged anti-union actions purported to have been undertaken at its radio facilities in Los Angeles.

"The recent allegations trumpeted by the Union against our Company are not only totally false and malicious, they are, in fact, an insult to the talented and professional on-air personnel the Union claims to represent," stated SBS Chairman Raúl Alarcón.

"Not only are the recent claims not true in the case of our Los Angeles personnel, they are untrue as evidenced by hundreds of employees who have worked at SBS during nearly 35 years of operations at dozens of broadcasting facilities throughout the country.

"SBS is one of the last remaining broadcasting entities owned, operated and controlled by Hispanics and a source of pride for millions of listeners as well as the artists and advertisers it has served since 1983.

"I find it ironic that, at this critical juncture when Latino culture and its institutions are under relentless attack, the Union has singled out for criticism the one truly national Hispanic media organization with an unblemished historical record of service to our community.

"Nevertheless, the Company will vigorously defend itself against these false claims to the fullest extent permitted by the law," asserted Alarcón.

SBS General Counsel, Richard D. Lara, stated, "It is unfortunate that SAG-AFTRA once again is resorting to blatant and transparent attempts at intimidating our Company into accepting unfair contract demands."

Lara further noted, "SBS has provided witness testimony and thousands of documents to the NLRB directly contradicting the outlandish SAG-AFTRA allegations concerning a handful of employees at our two LA-based radio stations, and we fully expect to prevail against these spurious claims.  

"Despite the Union's schoolyard tactics, SBS will continue to coordinate, cooperate and negotiate in good faith with SAG-AFTRA as we expect the Union to focus on the facts and discontinue making untrue and inflammatory remarks in the media," Lara added.

About Spanish Broadcasting System, Inc.
About Spanish Broadcasting System, Inc. Spanish Broadcasting System, Inc. owns and operates 17 radio stations located in the top U.S. Hispanic markets of New York, Los Angeles, Miami, Chicago, San Francisco and Puerto Rico, airing the Spanish Tropical, Regional Mexican, Spanish Adult Contemporary, Top 40 and Latin Rhythmic format genres. SBS also operates AIRE Radio Networks, a national radio platform which creates, distributes and markets leading Spanish-language radio programming to over 250 affiliated stations reaching 93% of the U.S. Hispanic audience. SBS also owns MegaTV, a television operation with over-the-air, cable and satellite distribution and affiliates throughout the U.S. and Puerto Rico. SBS also produces live concerts and events and owns multiple bilingual websites, including www.LaMusica.com, an online destination and mobile app providing content related to Latin music, entertainment, news and culture. For more information, visit us online at www.spanishbroadcasting.com.

SBS Contact:
Vladimir Gomez
vgomez@sbscorporate.com 
(786) 470-1644

Brad Edwards
edwards@braincomm.com 
(212) 986-6667

View original content:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/sbs-fires-back-at-allegations-made-by-sag-aftra-300514968.html

SOURCE Spanish Broadcasting System, Inc. (SBS)

CPSC To Consumers: Avoid Deadly Home Hazards When A Hurricane Strikes

NEWS EDITORS AND REPORTERS: Please share these safety tips with your viewers and listeners. CPSC is available for interviews, including in Spanish.

WASHINGTON, Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As Hurricane Irma is on the move and other storms may threaten to follow, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is warning residents in its path of the deadly dangers that can exist after a hurricane sweeps through, knocking out power and causing flooding.

CPSC wants consumers to remember to prevent these four home safety hazards:

1. POISONOUS CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) 
The exhaust from portable generators contains poisonous carbon monoxide (CO) – a deadly, odorless and colorless gas.

NEVER use a portable generator anywhere inside your home or garage. Portable generators should be outside, at least 20 FEET from the house, any open window or vent.

NEVER use charcoal grills or camp stoves indoors.

CO from portable generators, charcoal grills and camp stoves can kill in a matter of minutes. CO alarms can save lives.  Make sure that you have CO alarms in your home and that they are working.

2. DEADLY ELECTROCUTION HAZARDS
Stay away from downed wires. They can be live with deadly voltage.

Do not operate or handle electrical appliances that are or have been in standing water.

Have a qualified electrician check electrical appliances, circuit breakers, outlets and wiring before using them if they have gotten wet or have been in standing water.

3. CANDLE-RELATED HOUSE FIRES
Candles should be used with extreme caution. Never leave burning candles unattended. Battery-operated lights such as flashlights are a safer option.

4. GAS LEAKS: IF YOU SMELL IT, REPORT IT
If you smell gas, don't turn lights on or off, or use electrical equipment, including a phone.

Leave the home immediately. Then call 911.

CPSC spokespeople are available for interviews, including in Spanish. Call the Office of Communications to arrange for an interview at 301-504-7908.

CPSC Media Contact: (301) 504-7908

 

View original content:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/cpsc-to-consumers-avoid-deadly-home-hazards-when-a-hurricane-strikes-300514949.html

SOURCE U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission