Global Palladium Electrode Market stability and tendency report 2017

The particular association will have easy access to the details that will have the most substantial bearing on the overall development of the global Palladium Electrode market or the sectors that matter the most to organizations with this study report. The report is assembled with the determination of providing necessary market information to retailers operating in the global market. Hence, thus makes for a resourceful data repository that can help decision makers comprehend the most effective business strategies. The study report further includes a detailed impression of the competitive landscape and regulatory framework of the global Palladium Electrode market. This report will further provide readers/customers a picture clear understanding of the market of competition, threats, major opportunities, and the major rules, regulations, plans, and policies impacting the market.

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This report presents a 360-degree overview of the competitive scenario of the Global Palladium Electrode market. The report includes massive data relating to the recent product and technological developments observed in the market, complete with an analysis of the impact of these advancements on the market’s future development. The research report analyzes the global Palladium Electrode market in a detailed manner by explaining the key aspects of the market that are expected to have a quantifiable influence on its developmental prospects over the forecast period.

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Factors that are expected to influence this global market are the rising employment rate among investments in emerging economies are mentioned in the report. Export incentives offered by several competitive nations and robust trade agreements are other factors that also favor the growth rate in the global market for Palladium Electrode industry. The report presents a thorough overview of the whole market growth. For this, the global Palladium Electrode production, revenue, and share of the prominent players, and the average price has been provided. The competitive situation and trends, the report explores the market, the recent mergers and acquisitions, and their expansion strategies which allow the readers and players to have a strong understanding of the overall market.

Geographically, this report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue (million USD), market share and growth rate of Palladium Electrode in these regions, from 2012 to 2022 (forecast), covering,United States, EU,    China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan,Global Palladium Electrode market competition by top manufacturers, with production, price, revenue (value) and market share for each manufacturer; the top players including, Metrohm, Murata, Kemet, ALS Co, Mouser

The research report analyzes the Global Palladium Electrode Market in a thorough manner by clarifying the key characteristics of the market that are anticipated to have a measureable influence on its evolving prospects over the forecast period. The major growth drivers, challenges, and trends influencing the market are examined at length. A thorough qualitative and quantitative data pertaining to the projected impact of these factors on market’s future growth prospects are presented in the report.

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This report includes massive data relating to the product or technological developments observed in the market, complete with an analysis of the impact of these advancements on the market’s future development. Global Palladium Electrode market has been carried out. This report analysis will help organizations understand the major threat and opportunities that vendors have to deal in the market. Moreover, the report presents a 360-degree overview and SWOT analysis of the competitive.

 

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Fujitsu Develops High-Voltage Cathode Material for Lithium Iron Phosphate Rechargeable Batteries

Kawasaki, Japan, May 29, 2017

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced that it has successfully developed a cathode material for lithium iron phosphate rechargeable batteries. This new material offers high voltage that could only be achieved by cobalt-based materials in the past.

Currently, the rare metal cobalt is a component of cathodes in high capacity and high-voltage lithium rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles (EVs) and home storage batteries. As these devices become more popular, there are concerns regarding future shortages of cobalt used in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Significant cost increases are also expected, generating interest in abundant and cheap iron to replace cobalt as the constituent element in rechargeable batteries. However, iron could not offer voltage comparable to that of cobalt-based materials.

Now Fujitsu Laboratories has discovered a new factor that can improve the voltage of iron-based materials. Using a proprietary materials design technology as well as a technology that precisely controls the composition of raw materials and the formation process of materials, Fujitsu Laboratories has successfully synthesized lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4). This phosphate-based material has a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials.

In the future, Fujitsu Laboratories will seek to improve the performance of cathodes using this newly developed iron-based material. By advancing the design of new crystal structures that can maintain a high voltage state for longer periods, Fujitsu Laboratories aims to develop cathode materials that offer high energy density comparable to cobalt-based materials. In this way, Fujitsu Laboratories will contribute to lowering the cost of lithium rechargeable batteries and the devices that use them.

Details are being announced at the 231st ECS Meeting, an international conference on electrochemistry, currently underway in New Orleans, U.S., from May 28 to June 1.

Development Background

Currently, lithium-ion batteries are widely used as high-performance rechargeable batteries. However, there are concerns about insufficient supply and rising costs, as the batteries’ cathode materials contain the rare metal cobalt, such as lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). Large volumes of lithium-ion batteries will be required in the future for electric vehicles in order to achieve a low-carbon society that does not rely on fossil fuels and emit greenhouse gasses in the age of global warming. Consequently there has been a great deal of interest in developing materials that use iron, which is abundant on earth, as a constituent element in place of cobalt.

Issues

Previously, there was a problem with lithium-ion batteries using iron-based materials as they could not reach the energy density of those using cobalt-based materials. Energy density is expressed as a product of capacity density and voltage. Accordingly, iron-based materials with voltage of 2.8 V to 3.5 V could not compete with cobalt-based materials whose voltage ranged from 3.75 V to 4.1 V. It is known that the voltage of cathode materials can change depending on the arrangement of atoms in the crystal structure, which created issues in the development of new iron-based materials with high voltage.

About the Newly Developed Technology

Now, by analyzing the correlation between the crystal structure of iron-based materials and their electrochemical characteristics, Fujitsu Laboratories has discovered new factors in improving the voltage of iron-based materials. Using a proprietary materials design technology and a technology that precisely controls the composition of raw materials and the formation process of materials, the corporation has successfully synthesized lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4). This phosphate-based material has a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials.

Details of the newly developed technology are as follows:

1. Discovered new factors improving the voltage of iron-based materials

The voltage of cathode materials is significantly influenced by the coordination of elements such as iron and oxygen in the crystal. By analyzing the interrelationship between the crystal structure of a material and its electrochemical characteristics, Fujitsu Laboratories discovered new factors in improving the voltage of iron-based cathode materials. In fact, it was discovered that a distorted arrangement of oxygen atoms around iron atoms is one of critical factors for the high voltage.

2. Successfully developed iron-based materials with high voltage comparable to cobalt-based materials

Using a proprietary Fujitsu Laboratories technology that precisely controls the coordination of raw materials and the formation of the material, Fujitsu Laboratories succeeded in synthesizing lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4), a new iron phosphate-based material (Figure 1). Fujitsu Laboratories created a coin-shaped prototype battery (Figure 2) and based on the results of its electrochemical properties evaluation, it was confirmed that it could achieve a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials. This material has an even higher voltage than previously developed iron phosphate-based materials, represented by lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) (Figure 3).

The charge capacity of the prototype coin battery is about 105 mAh/g(1), which accounts for approximately 75% of the theoretical value of 139 mAh/g (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4), or the actual value of 137 mAh/g (LiCoO2). Through continued analysis, Fujitsu Laboratories plans to further improve such figures.

Figure 1: Crystal structure of the new material

Figure 2: Prototype coin-shaped battery

Figure 3: Voltage and discharge depth (*2) of the prototype coin battery

Results

The newly-developed cathode material has not reached a voltage equal to existing cobalt-based materials in terms of energy density. Nonetheless, it has paved the way to increase the voltage of iron-based materials, resolving a roadblock in the research development.

In addition, cobalt-based cathode materials are used in lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles as well as devices such as smartphones and digital cameras. If a cathode material is developed with the same energy density as cobalt-based materials, this will enable the stable production of cathode materials by replacing the rare metal cobalt with abundant iron. Moreover, this is expected to contribute to the stable production of lithium-ion batteries and the devices which use them, such as electric vehicles.

Future Plans

Based on this cathode development, Fujitsu Laboratories will work to design a crystal structure that can maintain a voltage on par with cobalt-based materials for longer periods. The electrode can also be used as a low-cost cathode material in safe, solid-state rechargeable batteries. Fujitsu Laboratories will contribute to a more sustainable and comfortable society by developing next-generation high-energy-density rechargeable batteries that are safer, cheaper and environmentally friendly.

All company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Information provided in this press release is accurate at time of publication and is subject to change without advance notice.

Fujitsu Develops High-Voltage Cathode Material for Lithium Iron Phosphate Rechargeable Batteries

Kawasaki, Japan, May 29, 2017

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced that it has successfully developed a cathode material for lithium iron phosphate rechargeable batteries. This new material offers high voltage that could only be achieved by cobalt-based materials in the past.

Currently, the rare metal cobalt is a component of cathodes in high capacity and high-voltage lithium rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles (EVs) and home storage batteries. As these devices become more popular, there are concerns regarding future shortages of cobalt used in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Significant cost increases are also expected, generating interest in abundant and cheap iron to replace cobalt as the constituent element in rechargeable batteries. However, iron could not offer voltage comparable to that of cobalt-based materials.

Now Fujitsu Laboratories has discovered a new factor that can improve the voltage of iron-based materials. Using a proprietary materials design technology as well as a technology that precisely controls the composition of raw materials and the formation process of materials, Fujitsu Laboratories has successfully synthesized lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4). This phosphate-based material has a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials.

In the future, Fujitsu Laboratories will seek to improve the performance of cathodes using this newly developed iron-based material. By advancing the design of new crystal structures that can maintain a high voltage state for longer periods, Fujitsu Laboratories aims to develop cathode materials that offer high energy density comparable to cobalt-based materials. In this way, Fujitsu Laboratories will contribute to lowering the cost of lithium rechargeable batteries and the devices that use them.

Details are being announced at the 231st ECS Meeting, an international conference on electrochemistry, currently underway in New Orleans, U.S., from May 28 to June 1.

Development Background

Currently, lithium-ion batteries are widely used as high-performance rechargeable batteries. However, there are concerns about insufficient supply and rising costs, as the batteries’ cathode materials contain the rare metal cobalt, such as lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). Large volumes of lithium-ion batteries will be required in the future for electric vehicles in order to achieve a low-carbon society that does not rely on fossil fuels and emit greenhouse gasses in the age of global warming. Consequently there has been a great deal of interest in developing materials that use iron, which is abundant on earth, as a constituent element in place of cobalt.

Issues

Previously, there was a problem with lithium-ion batteries using iron-based materials as they could not reach the energy density of those using cobalt-based materials. Energy density is expressed as a product of capacity density and voltage. Accordingly, iron-based materials with voltage of 2.8 V to 3.5 V could not compete with cobalt-based materials whose voltage ranged from 3.75 V to 4.1 V. It is known that the voltage of cathode materials can change depending on the arrangement of atoms in the crystal structure, which created issues in the development of new iron-based materials with high voltage.

About the Newly Developed Technology

Now, by analyzing the correlation between the crystal structure of iron-based materials and their electrochemical characteristics, Fujitsu Laboratories has discovered new factors in improving the voltage of iron-based materials. Using a proprietary materials design technology and a technology that precisely controls the composition of raw materials and the formation process of materials, the corporation has successfully synthesized lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4). This phosphate-based material has a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials.

Details of the newly developed technology are as follows:

1. Discovered new factors improving the voltage of iron-based materials

The voltage of cathode materials is significantly influenced by the coordination of elements such as iron and oxygen in the crystal. By analyzing the interrelationship between the crystal structure of a material and its electrochemical characteristics, Fujitsu Laboratories discovered new factors in improving the voltage of iron-based cathode materials. In fact, it was discovered that a distorted arrangement of oxygen atoms around iron atoms is one of critical factors for the high voltage.

2. Successfully developed iron-based materials with high voltage comparable to cobalt-based materials

Using a proprietary Fujitsu Laboratories technology that precisely controls the coordination of raw materials and the formation of the material, Fujitsu Laboratories succeeded in synthesizing lithium iron pyrophosphate (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4), a new iron phosphate-based material (Figure 1). Fujitsu Laboratories created a coin-shaped prototype battery (Figure 2) and based on the results of its electrochemical properties evaluation, it was confirmed that it could achieve a voltage of 3.8 V, comparable to that of existing cobalt-based materials. This material has an even higher voltage than previously developed iron phosphate-based materials, represented by lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) (Figure 3).

The charge capacity of the prototype coin battery is about 105 mAh/g(1), which accounts for approximately 75% of the theoretical value of 139 mAh/g (Li5.33Fe5.33(P2O7)4), or the actual value of 137 mAh/g (LiCoO2). Through continued analysis, Fujitsu Laboratories plans to further improve such figures.

Figure 1: Crystal structure of the new material

Figure 2: Prototype coin-shaped battery

Figure 3: Voltage and discharge depth (*2) of the prototype coin battery

Results

The newly-developed cathode material has not reached a voltage equal to existing cobalt-based materials in terms of energy density. Nonetheless, it has paved the way to increase the voltage of iron-based materials, resolving a roadblock in the research development.

In addition, cobalt-based cathode materials are used in lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles as well as devices such as smartphones and digital cameras. If a cathode material is developed with the same energy density as cobalt-based materials, this will enable the stable production of cathode materials by replacing the rare metal cobalt with abundant iron. Moreover, this is expected to contribute to the stable production of lithium-ion batteries and the devices which use them, such as electric vehicles.

Future Plans

Based on this cathode development, Fujitsu Laboratories will work to design a crystal structure that can maintain a voltage on par with cobalt-based materials for longer periods. The electrode can also be used as a low-cost cathode material in safe, solid-state rechargeable batteries. Fujitsu Laboratories will contribute to a more sustainable and comfortable society by developing next-generation high-energy-density rechargeable batteries that are safer, cheaper and environmentally friendly.

All company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Information provided in this press release is accurate at time of publication and is subject to change without advance notice.